Osteoporosis

Patient Education
Women Partners In OB/GYN San Antonio - Osteoporosis

DEXA (Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) is an enhanced X-ray image of the skeleton that provides an accurate measurement of bone density. Bone density tests are used to determine whether patients have osteoporosis, a condition in which bones are weakened and may fracture easily.

During the procedure, a beam of low-dose X-rays is targeted at an area, usually the lower spine and hips. The energy is measured as it is absorbed by soft tissue and by bone, and computer software then processes the gathered information. Patients will be given an order to have the test performed at a facility of their choice. Exams are not performed in the office.

How to prevent bone loss for post-menopausal women:
  • Calcium – 1,000 to 1,500 milligrams per day through diet (3-5 servings of milk products per day) or calcium supplements
  • Vitamin D – 400 to 800 IU per day = 1-2 multivitamins per day
Exercise – 3-5 days per week; must be weight bearing:
  • Walking
  • Aerobics
  • Weight Training
  • Tennis
  • Golf
Fall Prevention – look for hazards in your home such as:
  • Loose rugs
  • Extension cords
  • Steps
  • Poor lighting

Calcium Rich Foods

Foods Amount Mg. Calcium
Yogurt, plain, low fat 1 cup 415
Sardines with bones 3 oz. 372
Ricotta, part skim 1 cup 337
Skim milk 1 cup 302
Calcium fortified orange juice 1 cup 300
Swiss cheese 1 oz. 262
Cheddar cheese 1 oz. 213
American cheese 1 oz. 198
Oysters 3/4 cup 170
Salmon with bones 3 oz. 167
Collard greens 1/2 cup 145
Spinach 1/2 cup 106
Mustard greens 1/2 cup 97
Corn muffin 2 med 90
Ice cream 1/2 cup 88
Cottage cheese 2% 1/2 cup 77
Kale 1/2 cup 74
Broccoli 1/2 cup 68
Orange 1 med 54
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